Burnout, coping strategies and job satisfaction in nurses
Objective: To determine the relationship between burnout, coping strategies, and job satisfaction among nurses working in the COVID care area in East Lima.
Materials and Methods: A quantitative, descriptive, and correlational study was conducted with the participation of 300 Peruvian nurses who worked in high-risk COVID-19 services during the health emergency.
Results: Spearman's Rho test showed a result of 0.223 (p<0.01) for the burnout syndrome and coping strategies, indicating a positive, direct, and highly significant relationship. The relationship between the burnout syndrome and job satisfaction was -0.627 (p<0.01), indicating a negative, inverse, and highly significant relationship. Finally, the relationship between coping strategies and job satisfaction had a result of 0.368 (p<0.01), indicating a positive, direct, and highly significant relationship. Regarding the prediction of the variables, the coefficient of determination (adjusted R2) was analyzed, obtaining a result of 0.444, indicating that 44.4% of the variability in job satisfaction is explained by the variables of burnout syndrome and coping strategies.
Conclusions: There is a significant (ANOVA F=120.353, p=0.000) linear relationship between job satisfaction as the criterion variable, and burnout syndrome and coping strategies as predictor variables.
Keywords: Nurses; Burnout; Coping strategies; Job satisfaction; Prediction.
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