Intervención educativa con elementos de Educación Popular en Salud para prevenir la picadura de alacrán
Objective: To evaluate implementation of an educational initiative with
elements of Popular Health Education on empowerment and changes in health
for prevention of scorpion stings, in women from municipality of Tetecala,
Material and methods: Educational initiative was carried out in women
assigned to PROSPERA program, with 16 participants. It consisted of 5 weekly
sessions, with a time of approximately 2 hours each. A diagnosis was made on
the knowledge and causes of the scorpion sting, with this information the main
components of educational strategy were designed (1. Knowledge of scorpion;
2. Risks for scorpion sting; 3. Prevention of scorpion sting). It was carried out
in the months of February and March 2019. Two categories, empowerment and
changes in health, were evaluated, delving into elements described by Noelle
Wiggins, using a mixed methodology. The measurements were made to the
same group before and after educational initiative. Qualitative evaluation was
carried out by analyzing ethnographic record. Quantitative part was applied
questionnaire on knowledge and practices.
Results: Changes in elements of empowerment were identified, as well as
changes in health.
Conclusions: Using elements of Popular Health Education has similar effects
than strategies where pure methodology is used. In the prevention of scorpion
stings, it showed similar results to other health problems.
Keywords: Scorpion stings; Health Education; Health Promotion;
Derechos de autor 2022 Horizonte Sanitario
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