Coping strategies in patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy in a family medical unit in Tabasco

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DOI:

https://doi.org/10.19136/hs.a23n2.5729

Abstract

Objective: Determine Coping Strategies in patients with Peripheral Neuropathy with Type 2 Diabetes in a Social Security Family Medicine Unit in Tabasco, Mexico.

Material and methods: Observational, cross-sectional and analytical study. Sample n=118 patients with Type 2 Diabetes, who met the inclusion criteria and agreed to participate with prior informed consent. A sociodemographic-clinical data questionnaire was applied, the coping strategies inventory (CSI) and evaluation of Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy with a modified instrument from the Family Medical Information System (SIMF), IMSS. The information was obtained from patients and clinical records. The analysis of the information included descriptive and inferential statistics with Pearson's chi square and p value≤0.05. The data processing was carried out with SPSS 26 program.

Results: Patients aged Ⱦ=59 years, women 73.7% (87), married 55.1% (65), housework 52.5% (62), secondary school 32.2% (38). With HbA1C ≥7%: 83.1% (98), BMI Ⱦ≥30 Kg/m2. Peripheral Neuropathy stage II and III was observed with HbA1C ≥7%, without coping 62.2% (61), with X2=11.508, df=3 and p=0.003 statistically significant.

Conclusions: Patients with glycated hemoglobin HbA1C≥7% presented inadequate maladaptive coping strategies fo5cused on emotion, with the primary subscales social withdrawal and self-criticism predominating. Stage II peripheral neuropathy with HbA1C ≥7% was more prevalent in women whose coping strategies were inadequate, maladaptive, focused on emotion.

Keywords: Coping strategies, peripheral neuropathy, Type 2 Diabetes, Glycosylated hemoglobin.

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Author Biographies

  • Silvia María Guadalupe Garrido-Pérez, Mexican Social Security Institute

    Doctor in Health Sciences from the National School of Public Health of Cuba, attached to the Tabasco Delegation of the Mexican Institute of Social Security. Tabasco, Mexico.

  • Xóchitl del Carmen Jiménez-Ruiz, Mexican Social Security Institute

    Specialist in Family Medicine, attached to the Tabasco delegation of the Mexican Social Security Institute.

  • Guadalupe Paz-Martínez, Mexican Social Security Institute

    Specialist in Family Medicine, attached to the Mexican Institute of Social Security.

  • María Isabel Avalos García, Ministry of Health of Tabasco, Mexico

    Doctor in Health Sciences from the National School of Public Health of Cuba, attached to the Ministry of Health of Tabasco in Mexico.

  • Eduardo Contreras Pérez, Mexican Social Security Institute

    Master in Health Management. Specialist in Family Medicine, assigned to the Tabasco Delegation of the Mexican Institute of Social Security.

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Published

2024-07-03

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Section

Research article

How to Cite

Garrido-Pérez, S. M. G. ., Jiménez-Ruiz, X. del C., Paz-Martínez, G., Avalos García, M. I. ., & Contreras Pérez, E. (2024). Coping strategies in patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy in a family medical unit in Tabasco. Horizonte Sanitario, 23(2). https://doi.org/10.19136/hs.a23n2.5729

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