Sleep disorders in university students during COVID-19: United States of America, Mexico and El Salvador
Objective: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to measure
students' sleep disorders 12 months after the start of the COVID-19
Materials and Methods: Data were collected from 693 students from
three universities in El Salvador, Mexico, and the United States using
the Student Health Behavior Inventory.
Results: Sleep disorders were identified in the sample with those in the
US reporting higher levels of sleep disorders and those in El Salvador
reported the least. Differences were also observed by gender with
females reporting more sleep disorders one year into the pandemic than
Conclusions: The global pandemic related to COVID-19 has had
a profound impact on the mental and physical wellbeing of students.
Sudden changes in learning modalities, modifications to work schedules,
and potential loss of loved ones have contributed to sleep disorders in
this population group. Universities need to take steps to address the
evolving needs of college students as they cope with this pandemic.
Keywords: Sleep; Coronavirus; Students; Cross-cultural comparison
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