Depression as a risk factor for suicide attempt in patients HIV




Objective: To determine the association between depression in patients with Human Inmunodeficiency Virus and the risk of suicide attempt in a Second Level Hospital.

Material and method: Observational, analytical, prospective study, involving 53 patients with a diagnosis of HIV from the Mexican Social Security Institute General Hospital of Zone No. 2 in Cárdenas, Tabasco, who attended the Internal Medicine external consultation. The information was obtained through surveys that determine the presence of depression and suicide attempt, three questionnaires were used: Beck Depression Inventory BDI-II, Suicide Risk Scale and Family APGAR (Adaptation, Participation, Resource Gadient, Affectivity and Resource), the information was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences.

Results: 53 IMSS eligible patients, diagnosed with HIV, mostly men with 88.7% (n=47), aged between 27 and 35 years with a mean of 31 years. The association of the degree of depression with risk of suicide attempt: minimal depression with low risk of suicide attempt of 86.40% (n=19) and high risk of suicide attempt of 13.60%.

Conclusions: When the factors of severe depression are combined, there is severe dysfunction, belonging to the female sex, and being under 30 years of age, there is a greater than 90% probability of having a high risk of intense suicide.


Keywords: Depression; Suicide attempted; Suicide; HIV.


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Author Biographies

Carolina Rodríguez-de Dios, Mexican Social Security Institute

Doctorate in Public Health and Health Management. Master in Health Sciences with training in Epidemiology. Bachelor's Degree in Surgeon. Third-year resident doctor specializing in Family Medicine.

Herenia del Carmen Padrón-Sánchez, Mexican Social Security Institute

Family Doctor at the Mexican Social Security Institute Family Medical Unit 45 in Cárdenas, Tabasco. Postgraduate Research Professor of the Academic Division of Health Sciences Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco. Full Professor of the Family Medicine Specialty. Member of the Research Ethics Committee. Active member of the College of Family Medicine of Tabasco.

Rogelio Pérez-Moreno, Mexican Social Security Institute

Internist. Mexican Social Security Institute. HGZ 2. Cárdenas, Tabasco, Mexico. Doctor assigned to the Institute of Security and Social Services of Workers of the Central State of Tabasco, Mexico.

Agustín Flores-Sánchez, Mexican Social Security Institute, HGZ no. 2 Irapuato

Assistant Coordinator of Epidemiological Surveillance. Mexican Social Security Institute. Tabasco State Administrative Operation Body, Mexico. Guest Professor of the Epidemiology Residency, IMSS, Tabasco. Member of the Mexican Society of Public Health, A.C. Member of the International Epidemiological Association.



How to Cite

Rodríguez-de Dios, C., Padrón-Sánchez, H. del C. ., Pérez-Moreno, R. ., & Flores-Sánchez, A. . (2024). Depression as a risk factor for suicide attempt in patients HIV. Horizonte Sanitario, 23(1), 111-118.



Research article