Emotional state using DASS-21 in post-COVID-19 patients in primary health care

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.19136/hs.a23n1.5664

Abstract

Objective: “Determine the emotional state following the DASS-21 in post-COVID-19 patients at the first level of health care”.

Material and methods: Observational, cross-sectional, descriptive study conducting a survey on the emotional state (DASS-21; Lovibond and Lovibond, 1995) in post-COVID-19 patients in a sample of 70 patients from the Family Medicine Unit No. 34 annex Ambulatory Care Medical Unit of La Peace, Baja California Sur. A statistical analysis was carried out with frequencies, percentages for nominal qualitative variables, with measures of central tendency and dispersion in quantitative variables, with determination of chi2. With prior authorization from the local research committee and ethics committee.

Results: 45 female patients were found (64.3%), age 39.41 ± 13.930, with a statistical significance between anxiety and presence of severe symptoms with p= 0.014 (95%CI 0.000-0.042), depression and age group p= 0.029 (95%CI % 0.000-0.068); and no significance was found with stress.

Conclusion: Anxiety mildly and extremely severely affects post-COVID-19 patients related to the presence of severe symptoms, the depression detected was moderate and is related to the age group, while the stress detected was mild and did not present an association of variables.

 

Keywords: Coronavirus infections; Anxiety; Psychological distress; Depression; Emotional Adjustment.

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Author Biographies

  • Ángel Francisco Carrillo-Avilés, Mexican Social Security Institute

    Bachelor's degree as a general practitioner with a degree endorsed by the Autonomous University of Sinaloa, studying the specialty of family medicine at UMAA with UMF #34 in La Paz, Baja California Sur, with work activities as a general practitioner in the COVID area during the pandemic.

  • Osvaldo García-Torres, Mexican Social Security Institute

    Bachelor's degree as a surgeon endorsed by the National Autonomous University of Mexico, with a diploma in family medicine specialty from the Autonomous University of Sinaloa. With 22 years working at IMSS, being a professor of the family medicine specialization course for 10 years and CEIS for two years at UMF #34 La Paz, Baja California Sur. He is a tutor of several research works and with articles published in indexed and non-indexed journals.

  • Indira Susana Obeso-Sandoval, Mexican Social Security Institute

    Graduated from the Autonomous University of Sinaloa with a degree in surgeon, with a diploma in family medicine endorsed by the Autonomous University of Sinaloa, with 22 years working at IMSS and 9 years as an assistant professor in the specialty of family medicine at UMF #34 Baja California Sur.

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Published

2023-12-16

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Section

Research article

How to Cite

Emotional state using DASS-21 in post-COVID-19 patients in primary health care. (2023). Horizonte Sanitario, 23(1), 47-55. https://doi.org/10.19136/hs.a23n1.5664