Epidemiology of Acute Respiratory Infections before and during the Coronavirus pandemic in the Dominican Republic

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.19136/hs.a22n1.5189

Abstract

Objective: Severe respiratory syndrome due to coronavirus type 2 is the
microorganism responsible for causing COVID-19, a pathology with
predominantly respiratory involvement that has a similar behavior to the most
common respiratory viral processes. The increase in the number of severe
acute respiratory syndrome type 2 cases reported in each country has caused a
displacement of acute respiratory infections (ARIs) caused by other pathogens
up to 70% of the number of cases reported during the pandemic.
Material and methods: This study is descriptive and cross-sectional with
retrospective data collection from secondary sources using as a source of
information the weekly epidemiological bulletins from week 1 of January 2019
to week 53 of December 2020 of the National Epidemiological Surveillance
System of the Ministry of Public Health through the General Directorate of
Epidemiology.
Results: A decrease in cases of acute respiratory infection with a respective
increase in cases of COVID-19 was observed when comparing the years 2019
and 2020. The province with the highest number of cases was the National
District.
Conclusion: The behavior of severe acute respiratory syndrome type 2 relative
to other pathogens needs to be evaluated to identify whether acute respiratory
infections will return to a pre-pandemic state when facemask use is no longer
necessary severe acute respiratory syndrome type 2 will be the prevalent
pathogen.
Keywords: Respiratory infections; COVID-19; severe acute respiratory syndrome; pandemics, epidemiology

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Author Biographies

  • Claribel Silfa, Dr. Hugo Mendoza Research Center, Dr. Hugo Mendoza Pediatric Hospital

    He completed his Doctor of Medicine studies at the Autonomous University of Santo Domingo, later he specialized in Pediatrics at the Dr. Robert Reid Cabral Children's Hospital where he completed the subspecialty of pediatric infectology. He has a Master's degree in Hospital Management. He has taken various courses, diplomas, among others, in research in health sciences; he has published multiple articles both nationally and internationally in peer-reviewed scientific journals. She was deputy director of the Dr. Hugo Mendoza pediatric hospital and is currently the plant manager of said hospital.

  • Demian Arturo Herrera Morban, Dr. Robert Reid Cabral Children's Hospital

    He completed his studies as a Doctor of Medicine at the Autonomous University of Santo Domingo, later he specialized in Pediatrics at the Dr. Robert Reid Cabral Children's Hospital. He has a Master's degree in Early Care and Child Development (ISPEDUC / Spain), as well as a diploma in Diagnosis and Treatment of Inborn Errors of Metabolism (INTA / Chile). He has taken various courses, including diplomas in research in health sciences, which have allowed him to serve as Co-investigator and Principal Investigator in studies with both national and international funds; He has published multiple articles both nationally and internationally in peer-reviewed scientific journals where he has around 30 published articles, he is co-author of care protocols for the diagnosis and management of hyperphenylalaninemia, galactosemia and glucose 6 phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency. He is a professor and thesis advisor for the specialty of Pediatrics at the Dr. Robert Reid Cabral Children's Hospital, where he is an assistant pediatrician, current coordinator of the research department of said hospital, research coordinator at the Dr. Hugo Mendoza Pediatric Hospital, where he is Chairman of the research ethics committee. He is a professor of the master's degree in public health and epidemiology at INTEC and the current president of the research committee of the Dominican Society of Pediatrics.

  • Andreina Moreno Reyes, Associate Researcher Research Center Dr. Hugo Mendoza. Pediatric Hospital Dr. Hugo Mendoza

    She completed her Doctor of Medicine studies at the Ibero-American University in Santo Domingo, and is currently an adjunct researcher at the Dr. Hugo Mendoza Pediatric Hospital Research Center. She has taken various courses, including diplomas in health sciences research, which have allowed to collaborate as a research assistant in various studies and publications.

  • Carla Eugenia González Sánchez, Dr. Hugo Mendoza Research Center. Pediatric Hospital Dr. Hugo Mendoza

    She completed her Doctor of Medicine studies at the Ibero-American University in Santo Domingo, and is currently an adjunct researcher at the Dr. Hugo Mendoza Pediatric Hospital Research Center. She has taken various courses, including diplomas in health sciences research, which have allowed to collaborate as a research assistant in various studies and publications.

  • Rayneida Mendez Nuñez, Dr. Hugo Mendoza Research Center, Dr. Hugo Mendoza Pediatric Hospital

    She completed her Doctor of Medicine studies at the Autonomous University of Santo Domingo, and is currently an adjunct researcher at the Dr. Hugo Mendoza Pediatric Hospital Research Center. She has taken various courses, including diplomas in research in health sciences, which have allowed to collaborate as a research assistant in various studies and publications.

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Published

2022-12-16

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Research article

How to Cite

Epidemiology of Acute Respiratory Infections before and during the Coronavirus pandemic in the Dominican Republic. (2022). Horizonte Sanitario, 22(1), 145-149. https://doi.org/10.19136/hs.a22n1.5189