Distribution of neck circumference percentiles and their relationship with anthropometric measurements in children

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DOI:

https://doi.org/10.19136/hs.a22n3.5633

Abstract

Objective: To determine the relationship between neck circumference and anthropometric variables; to compare this circumference with percentile values proposed in 2021.

Materials and methods: Cross-sectional, analytical study in a sample of 392 schoolchildren between 6 and 12 years of age, residents of Obregon City, Sonora, Mexico. Pearson correlations were performed; and the neck circumference data of 331 children were contrasted with the reference percentiles of a study carried out in central Mexico.

Results: 44.64% were found to be normal weight, 14.29% underweight, 22.19% overweight and 18.88% obese. The mean neck circumference was 27.36±2.80 in girls and 28.44±2.78 in boys. In the subanalysis, neck circumference was higher in boy’s vs girls (28.04±2.62 vs 26.89±2.54). Twenty-one.91% of girls and 20.92% of boys were above the 97th percentile reference percentile, and at the 25th percentile was 19.66% of girls and 18.15% of boys. No girls were detected in the 3rd, 85th, 95th, and 97th percentiles; and in boys in the 3rd and 97th percentiles. Neck circumference was correlated with all anthropometric measurements (hip circumference, weight, waist circumference, BMI, CTI, and height).

Conclusions: Neck circumference is related to BMI; therefore, it could be a secondary indicator of overweight or obesity.

Keywords: Neck; Body Mass Index; Obesity; Children.

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Author Biographies

  • Adriana Alejandra Márquez Ibarra, Department of Health Sciences, University of Sonora, Cajeme campus, Cd. Obregón, Sonora.

    Doctorate in Medical Sciences from the University of Colima, Mexico. Master's Degree in Health Sciences with an area of Concentration in Nutrition from the National Institute of Public Health. Degree in Nutrition from the University of Guadalajara, Mexico. Full-time research professor at the University of Sonora. Thesis Director of the Doctorate in Nutrition and the Doctorate in Public Health in the Universidad Internacional Iberoamericana-FUNIBER network. Former Director of Food Safety at DIF Jalisco.
    Independent consultant at NUTRIAB Centro. She participated as a researcher in the Jalisco Sin Hambre project.

  • Edith Valbuena Gregorio, Department of Health Sciences, University of Sonora, Cajeme campus, Cd. Obregón, Sonora.

    Degree in Nutrition from the Xochimilco Metropolitan Autonomous University. Master of Science from the Food and Development Research Center, A.C. (CIAD), PhD student at the Universidad Internacional Iberoamericana. She began teaching work at the Technological Institute of Sonora (2006 - 2011). She is currently a General Academic Technician and professor at the University of Sonora, in the Department of Health Sciences-Campus Cajeme (2011 – Currently). She is responsible for the University Social Service, responsible for the Nutrition Laboratory and the Nutritional Care Center. In addition, she supports subjects in the professional area of the Bachelor of Nutritional Sciences. She has academic participation as director and adviser of several bachelor's and master's theses, she has presentations of free papers in congresses and participation in scientific publications. She is a level I anthropometrist by the International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry (ISAK).

  • Ana Maria González Ponce, University of Papaloapan, Tuxtepec campus, Oaxaca.

    Master in Nutrition Sciences from the National Institute of Public Health and Bachelor of Nutrition from the Autonomous Metropolitan University. Research Professor at the University of Papaloapan Tuxtepec campus in nursing degree. She has 7 years of clinical experience as a nutritionist attached to the Department of Nutrition and Diets at The American British Cowdray Medical Center (Hospital Inglés or ABC) and in the teaching field with 19 years of experience at the Autonomous University of the State of Hidalgo at the Institute of Health Sciences - Academic Area of Nutrition and the University of Papaloapan in the nursing degree.

  • Laura Fernanda Barrera Hernández, Department of Health Sciences, University of Sonora, Cajeme campus, Cd. Obregón, Sonora.

    Graduate and Master in Psychology from the Technological Institute of Sonora (ITSON), PhD in Social Sciences from the University of Sonora (UNISON). Research professor of the Department of Health Sciences, at the University of Sonora Campus Cajeme. National Researcher level I in the National System of Researchers of the National Council of Science and Technology (SNI-CONACYT). He has 13 years of experience in teaching at the higher and postgraduate level, director and participant in multiple research projects carried out in collaboration with academics from the Technological Institute of Sonora, the National Polytechnic Institute, the University of Guadalajara and the National Medical Arbitration Commission. He has published 29 articles in national and international peer-reviewed and indexed journals, and is a reviewer of articles in peer-reviewed and indexed journals. He has authored or co-authored 21 book chapters and conference paper presentations.

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Published

2023-09-19

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Section

Research article

How to Cite

Distribution of neck circumference percentiles and their relationship with anthropometric measurements in children. (2023). Horizonte Sanitario, 22(3), 573-581. https://doi.org/10.19136/hs.a22n3.5633